A Brief History of Compasses

A compass is a tool utilized for orientation and navigation which indicate direction relative to the cardinal geographic north, south, east and west directions. In general, a compass consists of three parts – the face of the compass, the needle of the compass, and the reticule, which are the horizontal or vertical line drawn on the face. Generally, a circle is drawn around the compass on the face of the compass to indicate the cardinal direction, the needle of the compass points to the direction of travel, and the reticule, which is made up of lines drawn to form a triangle, represents the path travelled along in the direction of travel.

A compass is most commonly utilized in navigation by orienting the ship in the direction of the cardinal direction of travel. Most compass use magnetic north on their faces to indicate the direction of the magnetic meridian at their point of use and may be designed with magnetic meridians on their reticules.

The size, shape, weight, and features of a compass vary from one model to another. A compass consists of a rectangular or circular dial, a magnetic pointer or compass rose, and a pointer to show the direction of travel. Most have a single needle on their faces, which points in the cardinal direction. The dial of the compass may either be painted or engraved with magnetic meridians and a magnetic needle or arrow. Usually the compass uses a large amount of metal on the face of the compass and on the reticules to make it more portable and durable.

Most compasses have a magnetic needle or arrow to indicate the degree of latitude. The magnetic needles and arrow are either painted or engraved to represent the direction of travel and are placed at the upper end of the reticule or needle’s arrow. The needle and arrow on the face of the compass are calibrated on a daily basis by the magnetic meridian. Some compasses can also hold a digital scale in the reticule to indicate the degree of latitude.

The needle and ridicule of the compass use reticules, or wooden beads or other objects placed at the ends of the needles or arrow, to indicate latitude. Most compasses use a metal index finger to help determine the needle and reticule’s direction of travel and also indicate the degree of latitude. The index finger of the pointer is mounted at the middle of the index finger. {the pointer finger closest to the compass’s face. on either side of the index finger is used to move the pointer around the index finger to indicate the degree of latitude.

The needle of the compass is usually placed at the top of the face of the needle. In many cases, it is not possible to put the needle of the compass on its face without first turning it upside down. In this case, the needle is placed on its face directly and is placed directly underneath the index finger. The pointer of the pointer is turned over so the needle is facing the needle to indicate the degree of latitude.

The needle and the reticule are made to fit closely and tightly against the face of the compass so that the needle and reticule cannot be pulled or forced off the face of the compass. The needle and reticule of a compass face should not rub against each other, as this could cause damage to the needle or the reticule.

Many compasses have small holes and loops that hold the needle and reticule tightly against the face of the compass. These loops are used to hold the compass in place when traveling.

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